Introduction

IPHS2017

The 5th IRAN International Public Health Summer School (IPHS2017) is a 7-day long course that aims to promote public health through introducing the minds of eager participants to its key concepts, using engaging and exciting themes and models. The educational program includes about 40 hours of long Distance Learning Course and a 7-day On-Campus Course.

The program will be held during August of 2017. Interested Iranian and international students with different backgrounds and variable resumes can participate in the program to enjoy a new approach to the learning of public health.

This year, with the two distance learning and on-campus courses, we hope that participants will experience a unique and exciting program

About AVECEN

AVECEN Co, is an establishment with organized activities, in agreement with Iran’s national policies on public health, which tries to introduce innovative approaches in the field of public health education. It aims to empower individuals as well as other organizations involved with or interested in public health, both nationally and worldwide.

AVECEN Co is a knowledge-based organization that interacts with the community, alongside organizations that provide health care and stakeholders in the field of public health through the innovation of novel educational methods with an emphasis on social determinants of health. In AVECEN we believe in the advancement of public health and its implementation in the society. We educate different sectors of the society regarding public health and teach them the practical use of its concepts in their everyday life. The new and innovative approaches that AVECEN uses to make its events and activities a unique and unforgettable experience.

About Iran

Iran is a country located in southwest Asia, a country of mountains and deserts. Eastern Iran is dominated by a high plateau, with large salt flats and vast sand deserts. The plateau is surrounded by even higher mountains.

Tehran is the capital, the country’s largest city and the political, cultural, commercial and industrial center of the nation. Iran is a regional power and holds an important position in international energy security and world economy as a result of its large reserves of oil and natural gas.

Iran is a diverse country consisting of people of many religions and ethnic backgrounds cemented together by  Persian culture. The majority of the population speak the Persian language, which is also the official language of the country, as well as other Iranian languages or dialects. Turkish languages and dialects, most important of which is the Azeri language, are spoken in different regions across Iran. Additionally, Arabic is spoken in the southwest parts of the country.

The design of the National flag of Iran consists of three identical horizontal bands of green on top, white in between, and red below. The National emblem which represents the name of “Allah” is placed in the center of the white band. The three colors of the National flag of Iran have symbolic connotations. The green stripe stands for growth and prosperity, white stands for peace and red is the color of the blood shed by the martyrs for the country’s freedom.

The Iranian official calendar regulates according to Solar year & Iranian months. The 21st of March, equal to 1st of Farvardin, is the beginning of the Iranian New Year.

Iran’s climate ranges from arid or semiarid, to subtropical along the Caspian coast and the northern forests. From cold weather in the North West to the hot climate in the south, you can find all 4 seasons just by traveling inside Iran.

The currency in Iran is the Rial (pronounced ‘reeyaal’).

About Tehran

The plateau of Iran is a high land surrounded by the Caspian Sea on the north and the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman in the south. Ranges of mountains alongside the Caspian Sea, called Alborz, separate the plains of Gilan, Mazandaran, and Gorgan from the southern lands, and extend from the northwest to the northeast. Another range of mountains, extends diagonally from the northwest to the southeast and is called Zagros and has given the plateau an ecological variety. The Alborz and Zagros Mountains and their snowcapped summits, the deserts and the low northern and southern plains have given the plateau unique geographical, natural, and life varieties. Archaeological excavations, written documents and inscriptions and other historical sources prove man’s settlement in the plateau of Iran in the Paleolithic Era. At the beginning of the second millennium B.C., the nomadic tribes settling in the northern and eastern plains of the Caspian Sea moved down to the more fertile lands of the plateau. Some of these migrating tribes left the mountainous passages behind to settle in the green valleys of the plateau, but other groups moved further to India and Europe. The tribes who reached Iran mixed with the native people, who earned their livings mainly by cultivating the land, and created a great civilization, which came to rule over the world for centuries. Since the time the first central government came to power toward the end of the second millennium B.C., and due to the fact that monarchs came from different parts, cities like Takhte-Soleiman, Susa, Hegmataneh, Ray, Neishaboor, Isfahan, Shiraz, Tabriz and Tehran were chosen as the capitals of the country. Tehran has been the capital of Iran for two centuries and is home to the main offices ruling the country. When the city of Rey was thriving, Tehran was a small village. The city of Rey was destroyed in the Mongol invasion, and since then the area has witnessed the flourishing of a big city, first Varamin started its growth, but soon Tehran came to attract attention and grew into a big city, and the surrounding villages like Doolabe- Rey, Aliabad-e-Rey, Tarasht, Jei, Vanak, Beryanak, Darband, Darakeh, and Farahzad formed its different districts.

Meanwhile, Tehran is the cradle of a great civilization, which offered the Gray Baked Clay as a symbol of the late second millennium B.C. to archaeologists and Iranologists. This type of baked clay was first discovered in March 1900 by Ernest Amelius Rennie, the third Secretary of the British Embassy in Iran, in the hills around Qolhak and Qeitarieh in Tehran. In 1539, King Tahmaseb I had the fortifications of Tehran built and Tehran came to be surrounded by walls. Tehran stopped its expansion and growth under the Safavid Dynasty when Qazvin and Isfahan were chosen as capitals, and Shah Abbas (the Great) ignored Tehran. Early in the nineteenth century and at the outset of the Qajar Dynasty, Aqa Mohammad Khan decided to make Tehran the capital city and had beautiful palaces built inside its citadel; a historical site from the Zandieh Era. Therefore, Tehran has been the nation’s capital for two centuries and is now one of the biggest cities in the world and the most populated city in Iran. The City is becoming one of the most beautiful cities in the Middle East while maintaining its cultural and historical identity. Historical palaces such as Shams-ol-Emareh, Golestan, and Sa’ad Abad, which once were the tallest and buildings in Tehran, prove how creative Iranian artists and architects have been. Mosques such as Sepah Salar, Imam, and Sheikh Abdol Hossein, the Traditional Bazar of Tehran, and museums like Iran Bastan, Reza Abbasi, Golestan, Abgineh, and Sofalineh are all signs of the several thousand-year-old Iranian heritage. Tehran, now a great metropolis, lies on the southern slopes of Central Alborz and has extended in all directions in recent years. Late in the 1970s, Tehran was considered as the center for the formation of the Islamic Revolution and played a key role in its victory in 1979. What followed the victory of the revolution not only developed Tehran into one of the biggest and most populated cities in the world but also made it the starting point for a new system of government.

For more information: http://www.tehran.ir

About Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS)

According to the Supreme Leader, TUMS represents higher education and symbolizes the nation’s scientific life. TUMS is known across Iran as the “mother university”. Therefore, we wholeheartedly attempt to safeguard and strengthen this status. TUMS is the oldest medical school in Iran and enjoys a unique position regarding the number, experience, and educational background of its faculty members. If the indexes of security, education, and health are considered the three pivotal factors in progress, medical schools are responsible for materializing two of them. This provides them with a unique opportunity, even in comparison with other universities across the world.

Before the establishment of Dar-ol-Fonoon, there was no systematic approach to medical education in Iran. In 1851, Dar-ol-Fonoon School was established and medicine was considered one of its main subjects. The first group of the Schools’ graduates started practicing medicine in 1856. The Dar-ol-Fonoon School of Medicine can be considered the first modern college of higher education in Iran. In 1918, medicine was deleted from the syllabus of Dar-ol-Fonoon and began to be taught in a separate independent college named “College of Medicine” and in the same year, the first women’s hospital was officially inaugurated. In 1934, the National Consultative Assembly ratified establishment of the University of Tehran to bring together the institutions of higher education, and the government purchased a 200000 square meter tract in Tehran, the University of Tehran actually started its operation with the six schools of Medicine, Law, Political Sciences, Science, Letters, Engineering, and Theology. At the same time, the main chairs of the School of Medicine including medicine, pharmacy, and dentistry were determined. On February 4, 1934, the Department of Anatomy was inaugurated as the first step to establish the School of Medicine in the main campus of University of Tehran. In 1939, the University started offering doctorate degrees in pharmacy and dentistry. In the following year, all of the hospitals in Tehran were affiliated with the School of Medicine. Finally, in 1956 the Schools of Pharmacy and Dentistry were granted their academic independence.

In 1986, the Islamic Consultative Assembly ratified a bill for the establishment of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education. Since then, education of medicine and related disciplines, which had been performed under the supervision of the Ministry of Science, came under the Ministry of Health and Medical Education. In line with this policy, universities of medical sciences were established and Tehran University of Medical Sciences, separating from the University of Tehran, came to existence to continue operating independently. After emerging regional health organizations in the universities of medical sciences in 1994, the mentioned universities, including Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, came to assume the responsibility of rendering health care services while offering medical education.

For more information: http://gsia.tums.ac.ir

About the School of Public Health

The School of Public Health and the Institute of Public Health Research are the two oldest and largest centers of health studies in Iran, being the first in the country to train specialists in a wide variety of disciplines since 1966. Since then, the School of Public Health (SPH) and the Institute of Public Health Research (IPHR) have been carrying out educational and research programs, with the aim of developing specialized manpower in the field of public health and eliminating health difficulties, especially those related to environmental health. What follows are details regarding the research and educational programs, currently offered at the School of Public Health.

Scientists in universities around the world and Iran are alumni of TUMS’s School of Public Health. Faculty members of this school have close relations and cooperation with world organizations such as W.H.O., some are consultants in this organization. Students study in 16 programs at postgraduate levels (M.Sc. and Ph.D.). The school publishes nine journals, four of which have an ISI index.

For more information:

visit http://sph.tums.ac.ir/index.php?slc_lang=en&sid=1

About The National Museum of Medical Sciences History

In Iranian culture, medicine and its practitioners have always enjoyed a sublime status. To safeguard the values, culture and rich civilization of the past, and to demonstrate the ceaseless and indefatigable efforts of physicians and other associated disciplines in Iran in different eras, a joint project with the Iran Cultural Heritage Organization to establish the National Museum of Medical Sciences History was planned by TUMS in 1998, and the Museum was inaugurated in 2001. A building of about 2000 square meters, which was built in Tehran in the Qajar Era, houses the Museum.

The National Museum of Medical Sciences History has the following sections:

Tools used in medicine
Manuscripts and medical documents,
Photographs of Iran’s famous physicians
History of nursing and midwifery
History of veterinary medicine
History of dentistry
Herbal medicine
Embryology

Goals of the Museum:

  • Developing and organizing research activities to introduce the valuable heritage of the great masters of medicine to the present and future generations, and to promote the public culture, and furnish a clear picture of the glorious past of medicine in Iran.
  • Discovering, studying, collecting, repairing, and maintaining works, tools, devices, and documents related to medicine from ancient times up until to the present day, and their presentation to encourage research and study.

To read more about museum visit >> http://vtums.tums.ac.ir/